It defines aircraft that are used for non-commercial, recreational purposes such as education or personal use. Under FAA regulations, if an individual builds at least 51 percent of an aircraft, the aircraft is eligible to be registered in the amateur-built category. They are available in kits where some of the airplane is already fabricatedor plans where the builder purchases or manufactures all the parts and assembles them.
Installations are not restricted to approved aircraft engines. Type-approved engines shall be operated within all established certification limits. For non-type-approved engines, limits must be established by the applicant.
Homebuilt aircraftalso known as amateur-built aircraft or kit planesare constructed by persons for whom this is not a professional activity. These aircraft may be constructed from "scratch", from plans, or from assembly kits. With some limitations, the builder s of the aircraft must have done it for their own education and recreation  rather than for profit.
Earlier this month, Doug Berry set out to build his very own airplane. Now he has a shiny new four-seater with a turbocharged engine and a sleek carbon fiber body. Here's how he put everything together.
The world of homebuilt aircraft — officially known in the United States as Experimental Amateur-Built Aircraft — has existed as long as powered flight. They, like the homebuilders of today, used their own abilities and craftsmanship to construct safe and efficient flying machines. EAA was founded in by a group of airplane enthusiasts mostly comprised of airplane builders, although anyone with an aviation interest has always been welcome in the organization.
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Some kits have been evaluated by the FAA; some have not. These evaluations are not required by the regulations, nor is a manufacturer required to have a kit evaluated by the FAA before selling it. Kit evaluations determine whether aircraft fabricated and assembled by an amateur builder from an evaluated kit may meet the major portion requirement of FAR
This handbook is intended to provide guidance on the process required to obtain a special certificate of airworthiness for aircraft in the amateur-built category in Canada. In a nut shell, it documents the documentation process. This is probably the least fun part of building a plane and the most difficult to follow.