Breast cancer pectoral muscle

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We describe the case of a 55 year old female who presented with a mass in her right breast. The lesion was widely resected. Histological examination revealed this to be a benign granular cell tumour.

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In this extensive operation, the surgeon removes the entire breast, axillary underarm lymph nodes, and the pectoral chest wall muscles under the breast. This surgery was once very common, but less extensive surgery such as the modified radical mastectomy has been found to be just as effective and with fewer side effects, so this surgery is rarely done now. This operation may still be done for large tumors that are growing into the pectoral muscles.

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The cTNM describes the local involvement of the breast Tregional lymph nodes N and systemic disease, i. Systemic disease or stage 4 disease is not included in the table. This results in the possible diagnoses of DCIS, localized cancer, locoregionally advanced cancer and cancer with distant metastases.

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Diana Bello-Roufai, Daniele G. Common sites for metastatic spreading from breast cancer are bones, lungs and liver, the skeletal muscle being an unusual site. Although rare, when skeletal muscle metastases occur they are associated with a poor prognosis.

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Stage 3 cancer means the breast cancer has extended to beyond the immediate region of the tumor and may have invaded nearby lymph nodes and muscles, but has not spread to distant organs. Although this stage is considered to be advanced, there are a growing number of effective treatment options. The difference is determined by the size of the tumor and whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and surrounding tissue.

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The existence of the pectoral muscle may mislead the diagnosis of cancer due to its high-level similarity to breast body. In addition, some other challenges due to manifestation of the breast body pectoral muscle in the mammogram data include inaccurate estimation of the density level and assessment of the cancer cell. The discrete differentiation operator has been proven to eliminate the pectoral muscle before the analysis processing.

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Women and men both have breasts, but women have more breast tissue than men. The breasts contain mammary glands. Only the mammary glands in women can make milk to feed a baby.

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Many women have no more problems after their original treatment for breast cancer. But sometimes breast cancer comes back. This can be a shock and you might need time to deal with the information your team gives you.

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A chest wall recurrence is breast cancer that returns after a mastectomy. A chest wall recurrence may involve skin, muscle, and fascia beneath the site of the original breast tumor, as well as lymph nodes. When cancer recurs in the chest wall, it may be classed as a locoregional recurrence or it may be linked to distant metastasis. If a chest wall recurrence is localized, it is referred to as a non-metastatic breast cancer recurrence.

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